INSTITUTE OF MARINE TRAFFIC ENGINEERING


Laboratories
  • Laboratory base (training facilities)
  1. Maneuvering simulator- Polaris Ship's Bridge Simulator,
  2. Radar/navigational simulator NMS-90,
  3. Radar/navigational simulator QR-303,
  4. VTS simulator,
  5. Radiolocation Laboratory,
  6. Radionavigation Laboratory,
  7. Laboratory of Electro - navigation and Marine Traffic Engineering,
  8. Fishing simulator;
  • The training facilities (laboratory base) consist of: portable high precision geodetic equipment used for outdoor research and VTS simulators. The most significant devices are as follows:
  • 4 receivers GPS-RTK (accuracy of 1 cm);
  • 3 submeter receivers DGPS;
  • 2 tachymeters;
  • Laser distance meter (accuracy of 0,1m) used for horizontal angles measurements;
  • Inertial navigation system modules and portable optic gyrocompasses;
  • A number of portable GPS receivers;
  • Close range photogrammetric equipment with software;
  • Integrated bridge simulators (one equipped with full set of devices with view angle 2700 and the other two with 1800);
  • Ship handling simulation room – a number of simulators based on computers PC connected with an integrated bridge simulator;
  • Institute’s own two- and three-dimensional ship maneuvering simulators enabling simulation of numerous types of vessels on any water area in any hydro - meteorological conditions;
Description of the more relevant didactic simulators
  • Maneuvering simulator- Polaris Ship's Bridge Simulator
The simulator consists of the following modules:
  • a navigation bridge simulator with visualization range of 270º provided with real navigational instruments,
  • two navigational bridges with visualization range of 120º provided with simulated and real navigational instruments, amongst others, Voith – Schneider, a propelled steering console.
  • Ship handling simulator
Ship handling simulator NMS – 90 enables running trainings in ship maneuvering. Ship maneuvering classes can be attended by both the Marine Officers’ Training Center as well as regular full time and extramural students. The simulator’s great potential enables both matching topics of the classes to the demanded specialist trainings and their application to the realized scientific research works. The most relevant simulator element is a fully equipped navigation bridge enabling (due to the installation of the view system - Nor View – 2000) displaying a horizontal angle picture of 200º and capable of altering observation directions. The vision system also enables simulating the time of the day , visibility conditions, wind generated wave display, characteristics of the tracked ship visible lights and aids to Moreover, the bridge facility includes the following equipment:
  • Arpa DB – 2000 manufactured by Norcontrol Company Ltd.,
  • Furuno radar,
  • A two - component Doppler log,
  • Echo – sounder,
  • Satellite navigation receiver GPS,
  • Angular velocity indicator,
  • Control panel for bow thruster,
  • Windlass control panel,
  • Radiotelephone UKF,
  • Ship’s internal telephone communication,
  • Optic bearing – finder;

Mathematical ship models used during classes have been worked out on the basis of real data. Their dynamic properties enable accelerating, braking, rotary movement with regard to such hydro – meteorological conditions as: the wind, the current, under keel clearance and the vicinity of other units. The simulated vessel is capable of co – operating with tug boats (steered from the teacher’s console), making use of anchors and mooring ropes. Practical exercises may be arranged and controlled from the teacher’s console located in a separate room. Between the bridge and the teacher’s room there is telephone communication for simulating internal ship’s communication. In the same room there is a stand for constructing mathematical ships’ models and selected water areas, according to the customer’s wish. Currently it is possible to create simulations of 16 types of vessels and conduct navigation on 11 various types of water areas (amongst others, ports of Świnoujcie, Gdynia, Ystad, Dover, Europort, New York). A separate part of the simulator is room 113 with four work stations based on PC computers. Classes conducted in the room use a simulating program, worked out by the Master Mariner Jerzy Kabaciński, enabling instruction on ship handling in restricted areas and mooring to the quay. Radar/navigational simulator NMS –90 is a training facility for conducting classes on ship handling to the Marine Officers’ Training Center trainees, regular full time and extramural student. The simulator’s universal character helps to match the topics of the classes to the demands of specialist courses and use it in conducting scientific research works.
  • Radar/navigational simulator NMS –90
Radar/navigational simulator NMS –90 manufactured by Norcontrol Company Ltd., installed in the Maritime University in 1968, enables conducting classes focusing on the use of radar facility in limited visibility. Moreover, at courses for the radar watch keeping officers and ARPA operators, run by the Marine Officers’ Training Center, the simulator is also made use of. The simulator facilities consist of: the instructor’s console and three separate stands containing a ship handling console, anti – collision device, radar, navigational receiver, log and an angular velocity indicators. Each stand is provided with quadro - phonic sound system enabling the replay of fog signals of the vessels in the vicinity of a simulated vessel. Apart from that there is communication system UKF enabling simulation between ships as well as the coast – vessel communication. Station nr 1 is the best equipped section. Thus, simulation of a double screw vessel with two bow thrusters is possible. At present two mathematical models possessed by the Institute, that is, models of a ferry and a ro-ro vessel allow for making use of their potential capabilities. The stand is equipped with ARPA DB-7 manufactured by Norcontrol Company Ltd. and ARPA FAR – 2815 manufactured by Furuno Company Ltd. Additionally, an anchor heaving panel and a Doppler log indicator have been installed. ARPA 9800 system manufactured by Krupp – Atlas and radar RADRAK made by KH, used for objects manual tracking (E – PLOT), make up the equipment of station no 2. Station no 3 is equipped with two ARPA devices: RADRAK made by KH Company Ltd. and ARPA provided with a touch – screen, manufactured by Sperry Company Ltd.

The instructor’s console of the simulator allows for both exercise script writing and the supervision of the course of exercises. There is a possibility of simulating a variety of navigational situations both in the open and restricted areas with vessel traffic simulation (controlled from the instructor’s console in the course of exercises), as well as various hydro – meteorological phenomena like rain or currents. Various types of vessels used during the exercises can be simulated starting from a small coaster to a huge tanker. The own ships may navigate independently, not being visible to each other, (which helps to compare each of the stands’ maneuvers), yet capable of maneuvering in relation to each other. In order to discuss and evaluate the maneuvers performed by the trainees, the course of exercises may be recorded and then replayed.

In the course of exercises the teacher may influence the parameters of screen – based vessel traffic with the vessel routes to be programmed at the exercise script writing stage, what gives the scripts interactive character enhanced by their real time of realization.

A variety of anti – collision devices installed in the simulator caters for universal presentation of their capabilities, limitations as well as a multitude of commonly applied live solutions.
  • Radar/navigational simulator QR – 303
Radar/navigational simulator QR – 303, manufactured by Norcontrol Company Ltd., installed in the Maritime University in 1994, helps to conduct classes directly connected with the radar facility use in limited visibility conditions. The Marine Officers’ Training Center makes use of the equipment when running watch officer and ARPA operator courses, whereas full time regular and extramural students get acquainted with the use and handling of the devices during the classes of navigational facilities. The simulator features the teacher’s console and six separate stations, each one equipped with maneuvering console and anti – collision device, stations 1, 2, 5 and 6 provided with ARPA manufactured by Kelvin Hughes (Concept 3000 and Nucleus 6000A), 3 and 4 equipped with a device DB – 2000 made by Norcontrol Company. Radio - station UKF with DSC, enabling both communication between stands and the trainer as well as indicating the log, angular velocity and the covered distance, has been installed to each of the ship handling consoles. The instructor’s console of the simulator allows for both exercise script writing and the exercise supervision. There is a possibility of simulating a variety of navigational situations in the open and restricted areas with vessel traffic simulation (controlled from the instructor’s console in the course of exercises) as well as various hydro – meteorological phenomena like rain or currents. Various types of vessels used during the exercises can be simulated starting from small coasters to huge tankers. The own ships may navigate independently, not being visible to each other, (which helps to compare each of the stands’ maneuvers), or they may maneuver in respect to each other as well. In order to discuss and evaluate the maneuvers performed by the trainees, the course of exercises may be recorded and then replayed. During the exercises the teacher may influence the parameters of screen – based vessel traffic with the possibility of programming vessel routes at the exercise script writing stage, which gives the scripts interactive character and makes their time of realization real. A variety of anti – collision devices installed in the simulator caters for universal presentation of their capabilities, limitations as well as a multitude of commonly applied live solutions.